John has over 30 years of experience as a securities lawyer and entrepreneur. He was General Counsel at the Pacific Stock Exchange and Boston Stock Exchange and the Chief Regulator Officer for the NASDAQ subsidiary that regulates options trading. He also served as General Counsel for two technology startups where he participated in both public and private financings. He has represented and dealt with major securities regulators and governmental entities, including, among others, the SEC, FINRA, state regulators, Congressional banking and finance subcommittees, the CFTC, and emerging/developing country governments as an advisor and consultant in capital market development. He was part of the team that designed and introduced the iShares ETF product to Barclays Bank.